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Canola and wheat field photo

Principal field crop areas, June 2017

Canadian producers reported seeding record areas of canola and soybeans in 2017, with the canola area exceeding wheat (all varieties combined) for the first time ever. Seeded acreage of corn for grain and oats also increased. Meanwhile, the areas seeded to all wheat, lentils and barley declined from 2016.

Due to unseasonal early snow last fall, harvesting in some parts of the country was delayed until this spring. Additionally, localized areas reported very wet spring conditions and some flooding occurred in Ontario and Quebec. These conditions may have affected some of the seeded areas reported. Read more

Photo of soybean seedlings trying to break through soil crusted-over

OMAFRA Field Crop Report – June 8, 2017

Cereals

Current weather conditions are ideal for fusarium head blight development in winter wheat. Many wheat fields in Southwestern Ontario have applied a T3 fungicide to reduce their risk particularly if they are growing a FHB susceptible variety. T3 fungicide applications further east will begin this week and continuing into next week for Eastern Ontario. Read more

wheat plant closeup photo

Ontario field crop report

June 1, 2017

Cereals

Winter wheat growth stages are relatively normal at this point in the season; the crop may have looked a bit ahead in weeks past but conditions have been relatively cool. Wheat is in head throughout Southwestern Ontario and beginning to head in western/central Ontario.

Some winter wheat fields are looking yellow, even where nitrogen and sulphur have been applied. It is expected that in most cases there is still nitrogen available, but that wheat fields are under stress from sitting in wet conditions for an extended period of time. Leaching below the root zone can occur, especially on light soils, with significant precipitation. Transpiration by the wheat crop, however, has helped reduce downward water (and nitrate) movement. Significant nitrogen leaching is not expected to have occurred in most wheat fields. Read more

corn seedling

OMAFRA field crop report: May 25, 2017

Winter Wheat

Winter wheat is progressing well across the province. The winter wheat is mainly at early flag leaf (Zadok’s 37) to the swollen boot stage (Zadok’s 45-47), and some heading has been observed in Essex County. Disease pressure across the province is currently low, and fungicide applications are expected to start in the next week. Cereal leaf beetle is present, but Read more

flood damage in corn and wet fields

Weak El Niño may mean wetter than normal summer Midwest weather

Commodity weather group forecasts wet summer will boost corn, soybean yields.

A weak El Niño pattern will develop in the Pacific, meaning there’s the likelihood of a wetter summer in the Midwest, Commodity Weather Group, the Bethesda, Maryland-based forecaster, said in a seasonal report Tuesday.

The wetter-than-normal weather likely will have a negative effect on planting but a positive impact on crops that get planted due to ample moisture, the forecaster said. The El Niño pattern will mean warmer waters near the Baja Peninsula and relatively cooler waters in the Pacific Northwest.

“The central (and) southwest Midwest is at most risk for slower-than-average corn (and) soy seeding, but rains aid moisture for the heart of the Corn Belt heading into summer,” CWG said in the report. “Summer temperature outlook trended warmer in the eastern U.S., but mostly unchanged in the Corn Belt, keeping the threat for notable Midwest-focused heat low this season.” Read more

Chart

Canada Markets

Percent Change in January Grain Prices

With January 2017 just around the corner, here is a look at how futures markets for selected grains tend to act during the month, while considering the percent change in price over January on the continuous monthly chart. On average, over the past five years, both canola and corn futures tend to close higher in January, with the canola future averaging a 0.5% increase in January, while corn futures have average a 0.9% increase. Read more